Life is what happens when you are making other plans~ John Lennon
An eye for an eye will make the whole world blind~Gandhi
The time is always right to do what is right~ Martin Luther King Jr.

Tuesday, October 1, 2013

Historic events in October


10/1/1946: 12 members of the Nazi Party are tried and sentenced to death at the International War Crimes Tribunal inn Nuremburg, Germany
10/1/1908: Henry Ford's "Model T" goes on sale for the first time
10/2/1967: Thurgood Marshall becomes the first black associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court
10/3/1974: Frank Robinson becomes the first black baseball player to be hired by the Cleveland Indians
10/4/1957: The "Space Age" begins as the Russians launch their satellite, Sputnik, into space.
10/6/1927: The first "talkie" film debuted in New York. The Jazz Singer starring Al Jolson was the first film using spoken dialogue
10/6/1846: George Westinghouse is born. He is an engineer and inventor, responsible for creating air brakes for trains and adoption of alternating current (AC) systems for electric power transmission
10/8/1871: The Great Fire of Chicago. Over 300 people were killed, 90,000 were left homeless
10/8/1993: Apartheid ends in South Africa. Economic sanctions against South Africa following the end of apartheid are lifted
10/9/1962: After 70 years of British rule, Uganda gets its independence
10/9/1940: Beatle member John Lennon is born in Liverpool, England. He was tragically murdered by a crazed fan in New York on 12/8/1980
10/14/1964: Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. becomes the youngest recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize. He donated the $54,000 to the Civil Rights Movement
10/15/1946: Nazi leader Hermann Goering committed suicide in his Nuremburg prison cell by swallowing a cyanide pill hours before his hanging for war crimes
10/16/1916: the first birth control clinic opens in Brooklyn, N.Y. by Margaret Sanger, a nurse who worked among the people on the Lower East Side
10/18/1945: "The Nuremburg Trials" begin with indictments against 24 former Nazi leaders including Hermann Goering and Albert Speer. This trial lasted 10 months, with the final verdict landing on Oct. 1, 1946. Twelve Nazis were sentenced to death by hanging, three to life imprisonment,  four to lesser terms, three were acquitted
10/19/1960: The US puts an embargo on Cuba, as the State Department banned all shipments from Cuba except food and medicine
10/19/1987: "Black Monday". The Wall Street stocks plunged 508 points, the largest one day drop in history
10/21/1967: largest anti-War protest in history. Thousands of anti-war protesters stormed the Pentagon during a protest against Vietnam. 250 were arrested. No shots were fired, but protesters were bit with nightsticks and rifle butts
10/24/1931: Chicago gangster Al "Scarface" Capone was sentenced to 11 years in prison for federal income tax evasion. In 1934, he was transferred to Alcatraz Prison in San Francisco. He received parole in 1939, during which, he was suffering from syphilis. He retired to his mansion in Miami Beach, where he died in 1947
10/26/1881: the famous "Shootout at the O.K. Corral" happens in Tombstone, Arizona. The shootout occurs between the Clanton and Earp families. Wyatt Earp, two of his brothers, and "Doc" Holliday, gunned down two members of the Clanton family and two others
10/28/1846: the ever famous "Donner Party". The group had 90 people in it, consisting of immigrants, families, businessmen, led by George and Jacob Donner. They became stranded in the Sierra mountains during a bad snowstorm and had to result to cannibalism to survive. There were just 48 people that survived
10/28/1919: The Volstead Act is passed. During Prohibition, drinks that contained more than one half of 1% alcohol was considered illegal. Called a "noble experiment" by Herbert Hoover, prohibition lasted 14 years and became the main source of profit for organized crime, which manufactured and sold the liquor they made in illegal bars or speakeasies
10/28/1914: Dr. Jonas Salk is born. He is a scientist who discovered a cure for the dreaded childhood disease polio. His vaccine reduced polio deaths in the U.S. by 95%
10/30/1990: The "Chunnel" is built. Connecting Great Britain to Europe, this underwater tunnel, which goes underneath the English Channel, allows people from England to go to Europe as well as the other way around
10/31/1941: Mount Rushmore is finished
10/31/1952: The U.S. tested its first hydrogen bomb at the Elugelab Atoll in the Pacific Marshall Islands

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